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Jodhpur history revolves around the Rathore Clan. Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan, is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India. He founded Jodhpur in 1459. The city is named after him only. It was previously known as Marwar. The following paragraphs will tell you more about the past of Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Umaid Bhawan Palace
Also known as Chittar Palace, this monument is divided into three areas, namely a heritage hotel, museum and the Maharaja’s royal residence. Umaid Bhawan Palace is one of the most exclusive hotels of Jodhpur. An architectural marvel, it is equipped with all modern facilities and offers a royal experience.
The Jaswant Thada is an architectural marvel with intricate carvings. Famed as one of the most beautiful white marble cenotaphs, it was built in 1899 by Maharaja Sardar Singh in commemoration of his father Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. This white marble wonder of Rajasthan is often called the Taj Mahal of Marwar. The splendid edifice is a perfect example of Rajputana style of architecture. Its impeccable design and architecture is symbolic of the fine craftsmanship of the bygone era.
A magnificent historical edifice that serves as the crowning glory of Jodhpur, this fort stands on top of a raised hillock that is 400 metres above the level of its surrounding terrains. With its sprawling expanse, it prides in being one of the largest forts present across the country. The eventful history, well-preserved heritage and impressive architecture of this fort make it the face of Jodhpur on national as well as global platform. Mehrangarh – a word for 'fort of the sun' – was chosen as the name of this massive structure that is 500 yards long and features 120-feet high and 70-feet thick walls. Today, this fort is preserved and owned by Maharaja Gaj Singh II – the current Rathore ruler.
Clock Tower, also known as Ghanta Ghar , is an important landmark in the Old City of Jodhpur. The mighty ruler Maharaja Sardar Singh built this colossal clock tower, in proximity to the popular Sadar Bazar. This few-storey tower is beautifully lit in the evening, which adds to its overall appeal.
Chamunda Devi Temple
The famous Chamunda Devi Temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga and is located at the end of the Mehrangarh Fort. Rao Jodha got the main idol of Chamunda Mataji for the temple from Mandore in 1460. Every year, during Dusshera, millions of devotees gather at the fort to get a glimpse of the temple.
Located on Mandore Road, Mahamandir, or the great temple, stands majestic and tall. Built on 84 huge pillars adorned with impeccable artistry in the form of carvings of various yogic postures, it houses various ancient shrines. The walls and pillars here boast of a number of traditional motifs.
Visit the Government Museum to see a unique display of the rich collection of weapons, textiles, miniature portraits, local crafts and images of Jain Tirthankaras (sages). Other than that, you would find many interesting artifacts here. A visit to this popular museum is a must if you are a lover of history and archaeology.
Opening Time: Saturday to Thursday: 10 am to 4:30 pm
How To Reach Jodhpur
By Road:Another convenient mode of transportation to Jodhpur is by road. The main highway between Jodhpur and Jaisalmer is via Agoli and Pokaran. The highway is well connected with Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Delhi, Jaipur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur by bus.
By Air:The Jodhpur Airport is 5 km from the city center. Regular flight services connect the city with other major cities in and around Rajasthan. There are daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur and Jaipur.
By Rail:Jodhpur is well connected by railway lines. Trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata are easily available. The 'Palace on Wheels' also visits this city of royal splendor.